Addiction Treatment

Addicted Brain as an example of addiction treatment with neurofeedback and neuroStimulation at NeuroField Neurotherapy, Inc.

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a brain disorder. It is not a lack of discipline or a moral issue. Brain training works to normalize what is dysfunctional. This type of work builds a strong foundation for recovery and relapse prevention.

In the brain, the reward network or pleasure network is the same as the addiction network. (This includes the amygdala and hippocampus). Addictive drugs (methamphetamine, cocaine, alcohol, etc.) change the network dynamics by introducing neurophysiological imbalance.

We deal with many kinds of addiction, including alcohol, cocaine, sex-addiction, and gambling. Although there are many profiles in addiction, very often the individual with addictive traits shows a low power EEG, where the therapeutic potential stimulation is above average.

Does Neurotherapy Work as an Addiction Treatment?

There is a growing wealth of knowledge that neurotherapy and especially neurostimulation are effective treatments for addiction. Peer reviewed scientific publications have shown the following:

  • Decrease in cravings for alcohol, nicotine and food (1)
  • Reduction in Cocaine Cravings (2)
  • Decrease of brain reactivity to addiction related cues (3)
  • Decrease in risky choices (4)
Man Smoking as example of addiction treatment at NeuroField Neurotherapy, Inc.

Profiles of Addiction in EEG

There are several profiles of addiction that can be revealed through electroencephalography. One of the common symptoms of benzodiazapine toxicity is global spindling beta. 

A common finding among alcoholics is low power across the board. This can be a result of a dampening because of alcohol toxicity. It can also stem from the fact that a people with low power in EEG often crave stimulation, which could be in the form of drugs. People with low power EEGs often stand to benefit greatly from neurostimulation.

 

Scientific References for Neurotherapy as Addiction Treatment

(1): Effects of non-invasive neurostimulation on craving: A meta-analysis http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.07.009

(2): A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Targeted Prefrontal Cortex Modulation with Bilateral tDCS in Patients with Crack-Cocaine Dependence https://doi.org/10.1093/ijnp/pyv066

(3): Cognitive Related Electrophysiological Changes Induced by Non-Invasive Cortical Electrical Stimulation in Crack-Cocaine Addiction doi:10.1017/s1461145714000522.

(4): Modulation of Risky Choices in Recently Abstinent Dependent Cocaine Users: A Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation Study  doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00661

Books as an example of scientific references for neurotherapy as treatment for addiction

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